An intelligent tutoring system to teach task-oriented reading skills to young adolescents
This chapter presents an intelligent tutoring system called TuinLEC designed to teach basic task-oriented reading skills to young adolescents following the framework developed by the Program for International Students Assessment (PISA) to assess reading literacy skills. TuinLEC is based on recent approaches of reading that emphasize the use of documents for applied purposes. It includes explicit teaching and deliberate practice of task-oriented reading skills with adaptive feedback in a game-like environment. Task-oriented reading activities include any activity in which a reader uses an available text with a specific purpose (e.g., finding information, writing a summary of the text, or using the text as a source for writing an essay on a topic, among many other possibilities). However, our focus here is on answering comprehension questions with the text available. TuinLEC targets Spanish-speaking students and was thus designed to teach reading in Spanish to Spanish speakers.
In this chapter, we first explain the PISA framework of reading literacy to clarify what we mean by task-oriented reading skills. The core of task-oriented reading is making decisions on the part of the reader that guide their behavior throughout the whole process of reading. The need for a technology capable of recording all these decisions and providing appropriate feedback will be explained in the following section. Then, we give a general overview of TuinLEC, provide some evidence of TuinLEC’s effectiveness, and describe how it can be integrated into the classroom. We finish the chapter with a short section on the current limitations and future directions of the system.
Vidal-Abarca, E., Serrano, M. A., Ramos, L., Gil, L., & Ferrer, A. (2017). An intelligent tutoring system to teach task-oriented reading skills to young adolescents. In S. A. Crossley & D. S. McNamara (Eds.), Adaptive educational technologies for literacy instruction (pp. 122-143), New York: Taylor & Francis, Routledge.